Bladder and Other Urothelial Cancers Screening

KEY POINTS

  1. Tests are used to screen for different types of cancer.
  2. There is no standard or routine screening test for bladder cancer.
  3. Two tests may be used to screen for bladder cancer in patients who have had bladder cancer in the past:

Cystoscopy

Urine cytology

Hematuria tests may also be used to screen for bladder cancer.

Tests are used to screen for different types of cancer.

Some screening tests are used because they have been shown to be helpful both in finding cancers early and in decreasing the chance of dying from these cancers. Other tests are used because they have been shown to find cancer in some people; however, it has not been proven in clinical trials that use of these tests will decrease the risk of dying from cancer.

Scientists study screening tests to find those with the fewest risks and most benefits. Cancer screening trials also are meant to show whether early detection (finding cancer before it causes symptoms) decreases a person’s chance of dying from the disease. For some types of cancer, finding and treating the disease at an early stage may result in a better chance of recovery.

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