Key Points of Childhood Brain Stem Glioma
- Childhood brain stem glioma is a disease in which benign (noncancer) or malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the brain stem.
- Brain tumors may be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer).
- There are two types of brain stem gliomas in children.
- The cause of most childhood brain tumors is unknown.
- The signs and symptoms of brain stem glioma are not the same in every child.
- Tests that examine the brain are used to detect (find) childhood brain stem glioma.
- A biopsy may be done to diagnose certain types of brain stem glioma.
- Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options.